Hudson Bay Lowlands
Third Largest Wetland in the World*
The Lowlands is composed mostly of muskeg or peatlands (grouped by biologists into bogs and fens), and dotted with ponds, lakes and streams. The drier areas are broken up by stands of balsam poplar, aspen, white spruce and balsam fir and in the muskeg by black spruce and tamarack.
The eastern portion of the wetland was traveled by Bay trips between 1911 and 1965. The 1971 Attawapiskat River trip by Section A marked the start of regular summer travel through the heart of the Lowlands by a section.
A wetland is an area where water is the controlling environmental factor. It occurs where the water table is at or near the land surface, or where shallow water covers the land.
*World's Largest Wetlands
1. West Siberian Lowlands (Russia)
2. Amazon River floodplain
3. Hudson Bay Lowlands
4 Pantanal (Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia along Paraguay River)
From Wetland Ecology by Paul Keddy